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What is Carcinoma?

Carcinoma is the most common type of cancer. It begins in the skin or tissues that line or cover internal organs. There are different types including basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma. Most cancers affecting your skin, breasts, kidney, liver lungs, pancreas, prostate gland, head and neck are carcinomas.

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What is Carcinoma?


Carcinoma is a type of cancer that starts in the cells that make up the skin or the lining of organs. It is one of the most common types of cancer, accounting for approximately 85% of all cancer cases. Carcinomas are typically named after the type of cell that they originate from. For example, squamous cell carcinoma arises from squamous cells, which are flat cells found in the skin and the lining of organs such as the lungs and the digestive tract.

Carcinomas can be further classified into several subtypes based on their characteristics and the tissues they affect. Some of the most common types of carcinomas include:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma

  • Basal cell carcinoma

  • Adenocarcinoma

  • Transitional cell carcinoma

  • Small cell carcinoma


How do you treat it?

The treatment for carcinoma depends on the type, stage, and location of the cancer, as well as the overall health and medical history of the patient. Treatment options may include:

  1. Surgery: Surgery is a common treatment option for carcinoma. It involves removing the cancerous cells and sometimes a margin of healthy tissue surrounding the tumor to ensure all cancerous cells have been removed.

  2. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It can be used alone or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy.

  3. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be given orally or intravenously and can be used alone or in combination with surgery or radiation therapy.

  4. Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps the body's immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.

  5. Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy uses drugs that target specific genes or proteins that are involved in the growth and survival of cancer cells.


The choice of treatment depends on the type and stage of carcinoma, as well as the individual patient's health and preferences. Treatment plans may involve a combination of different therapies, and the goal is usually to remove the cancer or control its growth and prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body. We will help you determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your individual case.

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