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What is a Cyst?

A cyst is an abnormal pocket of fluid that can form in different areas of the body. A cyst is normally not cancerous but it can be so it should be professionally evaluated. The cyst fills with bacteria and pus and becomes an abscess.


What is a cyst?


A cyst is a sac or pocket-like structure that may contain fluid, air, or semi-solid material. Cysts can form in any part of the body and can range in size from tiny to quite large. They can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Cysts can form for many reasons, such as blockages of ducts or infections. Some cysts are present at birth, while others develop later in life.


Common types of cysts include:

  1. Ovarian cysts: Cysts that form on the ovaries.

  2. Sebaceous cysts: Cysts that form under the skin due to the blockage of sebaceous glands.

  3. Ganglion cysts: Cysts that form on the joints or tendons, often in the wrist or hand.

  4. Baker's cysts: Cysts that form in the back of the knee joint.

  5. Epidermoid cysts: Cysts that form in the skin due to the blockage of hair follicles.


Most cysts are harmless and do not require treatment. However, if a cyst is causing discomfort or is located in a sensitive area, it may need to be removed. Treatment for cysts may involve draining the fluid or surgically removing the cyst. In some cases, medications may also be prescribed to shrink or dissolve the cyst.

How to treat a cyst?

The treatment for a cyst depends on its location, size, and the symptoms it is causing. Some cysts may require no treatment at all, while others may need medical intervention. Here are some common treatments for cysts:

  1. Observation: Small and harmless cysts may not need any treatment. Your doctor may recommend monitoring the cyst to ensure it doesn't grow or cause any discomfort.

  2. Drainage: If a cyst is causing discomfort, it can be drained using a needle or catheter. This is typically done in a doctor's office, and the procedure is relatively simple and quick.

  3. Surgery: If a cyst is large, causing pain, or located in a sensitive area, it may need to be surgically removed. This is typically done as an outpatient procedure under local or general anesthesia.

  4. Medications: Certain medications, such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs, may be prescribed to reduce the size of a cyst or to prevent infection.


It's important to note that home remedies, such as applying heat or ice, should be avoided as they may worsen the cyst or increase the risk of infection. It's always recommended to call us for the appropriate treatment plan for each individual case.

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