What is Sun Damage?
Sun damage is a serious health concern that affects everyone. It can cause premature aging, wrinkles, sunburns and skin cancers including melanoma. Sun exposure also increases the risk of eye diseases such as cataracts or age-related macular degeneration (AMD). UV rays from the sun weaken the immune system and can cause DNA damage that contributes to skin cancer.
UV radiation is an invisible form of energy released by the sun that is divided into three categories: UVA, UVB and UVC. UVA rays are widely known for causing premature aging and wrinkles but also play a role in skin cancer development. UVB rays are usually associated with burning and are partially absorbed by ozone layer. UVC rays have the most damaging potential but are fully absorbed by the ozone layer.
To protect yourself from the harmful effects of sun damage, it is important to wear sunscreen with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of at least 15 when exposed to direct sunlight for extended periods of time. It is also wise to avoid the sun during peak hours (10 am-4 pm), wear protective clothing such as hats and sunglasses, and seek shade whenever possible.
In addition to external protection, there are certain vitamins that can help protect against UV rays. Vitamin C has been shown to reduce skin sensitivity to the sun's UV rays while vitamin E is believed to have a protective effect on cells damaged by UV radiation. Antioxidants such as green tea extract and selenium can also help reduce sun damage by fighting off free radicals created in the skin after UV exposure.
Sun damage is a serious health concern that should not be taken lightly. It is important to take steps to protect yourself from UV radiation and include vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in your diet that can provide additional protection against sun damage. Taking these precautions will help you stay safe and healthy while enjoying the outdoors.
Already have skin damage?
At Meira we offer a number of cosmetic procedures that are designed to help reduce the signs of sun damage including premature aging. Click here to learn more.